(Authors note: I use the word "Pagan" inclusively- this includes Wiccans, Witches, Odinists, and other non-Judeo-Christian Pagan paths. My own training was in Wicca, which was eventually the religion that was included in the Chaplains Handbook.)
There are Pagans and Wiccans in the Armed Forces. And their religion is legally recognized and tolerated, as long as the practicing members uphold the military discipline and their religion does not put their duties as military members in a bad light. Senator Bob Barr was horrified by this "revelation" and took unsuccessful steps to undo what a small group of Pagans put together in the mid -1980s.
I was one of that group- one of the brave souls who was the first to poke a head out of the broom closet and be heard. I paid the ultimate price- it ended my military career.
I did not set out to become a "martyr" for the acceptance of Paganism in the US Armed Forces. That wasnt my goal at all. But I did want to see a change in the treatment of non Judeo-Christian military members. We were seen as oddballs- even if we kept our ways to ourselves. If we lived on base quarters, our rooms were subject to unannounced searches- often without our permission or our presence. Things like candles and knives were forbidden- even if they werent edged weapons. And incense was considered "drug paraphernalia", and the mere possession of it subjected the member to drug testing, and even reprimands. Confiscation was common, and items were not often returned.
When I joined the USAF in 1979, I knew that I was not a Christian, yet on the list were hundreds of Christian sects for me to choose from. I had to put something on my dogtags, but there wasnt any "Pagan" or "Wiccan". I had to choose between "None" and "Other". I chose "Other". Of course that led to questions. What other? Are you a Satanist? I kept quiet- aggressive evangelicals run rampant in the military, and one wrong word- or wrong jewelry escape- would find me on the receiving end of their harangues, or worse.
I could write a whole separate article entitled "When Fundies Attack". I honed my defensive and tolerance skills to a fine edge while I was serving. Like I said, the militant missionary sorts of Christians ran rampant, and they looked for every opportunity to "Spread the Good News". I was verbally attacked once in a Laundromat, and accused of being a Satanist- for nothing more than wearing my Egyptian Ankh outside my shirt. Another barrage was the result of someone noticing that I had the book "Drawing Down the Moon" in my hand, and yet another was set off by my showing a colleague how to write their name in Runes. I became rather cautious and gun-shy around strangers.
The harassment did not stop there. My on-base dorm room was always being "inspected", most of the time when I wasnt there, and much more often than my neighbors. I found evidence of my books being taken and returned, my journal being read, and my drawers gone through. Once, I was called into the First Sergeants office- because theyd found a candle- in a fire-proof container- that showed evidence of having been lit. Didnt I know that having open flames in the dorm was against regs? I politely asked, "What about the smokers?" The fire chief, who was with the First Sergeant, admitted that the rare dorm fires were all smoker- related. This First Sergeant was pretty cool, and asked me intelligent questions about my religion. After hearing my answers, he permitted not only my candle, but also my incense in the dorm. "Maybe itll smell better," he smiled.
I was fortunate to run into other Paganfolk when I was stationed in Germany. SCA and Paganism run hand-in hand, and soon I found a group of people to celebrate the seasons with. We came from all over Central Germany, and even included a few Germans in our group. One lady was a third -degree initiate of a US coven, and we studied with her, and were initiated in the Wiccan Tradition.
Our discussions frequently involved creating a community of military pagans- just something that our Kindred could belong to so that they didnt feel like they were the only practitioner on the base. I placed an ad in the European Stars and Stripes inviting fellow pagans to join Farwander Fellowship, a correspondence group for military pagans.
I did not know it at the time, but this was the turning point in my career. Perhaps, if I had kept to myself and my little Coven, the events that arose from those innocent ads would not have happened, and I might be drawing retirement pay today.
Pagans did respond- about 50 or so from all over the European theatre. Turkey, Spain, England, Italy, Greece everyone within reach of that ad saw it. Through it, I met several other pagans, who joined our little German coven.
But others read that ad too, others who did not think that Pagans should even talk to each other, much less enlist in the military. Mixed in with the enthusiastic responses from fellow Pagans were dire threats, Chick pamphlets, "prayers for my conversion", and actual curses for my daring to do such a thing. They were all anonymous, return addresses not present, which was against regulations. The base postmaster agreed that sending such threats over the mails was probably a federal offense, but didnt really seemed inclined to do much about it. After hearing the Gospel music coming from his office, I understood why.
The press also got wind of my little ad. Both the Armed Forces Network and the Stars and Stripes decided to interview me. I had to have a representative from the Public Affairs office present for both interviews- because in the military, your freedom of speech is not a right. And if I said the wrong thing, it would be struck from the interview. The base PA person was a young blonde Mormon lieutenant, who treated me with barely disguised disdain, and suggested to me that I find a husband AND true religion, because my soul was surely damned. I politely ignored him.
The Stars and Stripes interview went out on the AP wire the following day- the day after Thanksgiving. Suddenly, people in the CONUS (Continental US) were told that there were-gasp!- WITCHES in the military, and by gum, they wanted to be treated with respect! Friends from all over the country were calling and writing me, and sending me the clip from their local paper. Paul Harvey mentioned the article on his show. Selena Fox from Circle called me and wished me well, as did other prominent American Pagans and Wiccans. (Dont ask me where they got my number ) My mom only said, "I wish youd had found another way to tell me." My dad supported me, but told me that I was now a target, and Id better watch my step. He was right.
The Army, Navy, and Air Force Times picked up on the Stars and Stripes article, interviewing not only me, and several other Pagans around the military. Our goal, we stated, was to get a placement in the Chaplains Handbook, and be treated as other religions were, which included having our religion named on our dogtags.
Eventually, those wishes were granted. Wicca was finally recognized as a genuine religion, and we were permitted to keep our altar tools in the dorm- including the athame, and incense. And, if duty permitted, we could have days off on the major holidays to celebrate our rites. We rarely used it, but we were also permitted to use the chapel facilities to hold study groups. Some Christians were horrified- Pagan worship in a church??? Heated debate lit up the letters section of the Stars and Stripes: Churches were for CHRISTIANS only! No they werent- these were chapels- made for multi-denominational use! The chapel will be desecrated by the Pagans! No it wont- Pagans worship outside; and if they use the facilities at all, they would use the classrooms for study groups.
On and on it went. In the meantime, our little German coven had voluntarily broken up- we called it the PCS monster- permanent change of station. I was sent to England. Things had quieted down, and I had handed over the Farwander administration to another better-equipped member who eventually started the Military Pagan Network.
My new assignment was quiet. I did not actively look for a coven, or even fellow Pagans. I was suffering a bit from burnout from all the activity in Germany, and needed some down time. But my fame had followed me there, and a quartet of Fundamentalist colleagues, unbeknownst to me, had a mission: get rid of me. They were very sneaky about it. One gained my friendship and confidence. I talked to him about my work, and wondered why, despite my experience with complex electronics, I could not seem to get the multiplexer and receiver alignments correct. I would come to work to find notes saying that they had to do all the maintenance over again, because I had messed it up. I followed the tech orders to the letter, and another colleague, who wasnt a Fundie, checked my work, and called it fine. Yet, time after time, things would be messed up, or missing, or broken on my shift.
Unknown to me, this quartet of Christians, my confidant included, were going behind me and messing with my work, taking apart things, screwing with the test equipment, and carefully documenting every error I made. Their goal: to undermine my confidence, build up enough paperwork evidence, and get me demoted. Demotion would guarantee that I would not be permitted to reenlist.
They succeeded. My confidence in my work dropped like a stone, and I became afraid to do anything, lest I screw it up. My work suffered. I became suicidally depressed. Then they turned in the paperwork evidence. I was demoted, removed from the shop, and put on powerful antidepressants. My career was over. They had won.
I was honorably discharged from active duty on December 31, 1992, after 13 years of flawless service. I went home, defeated and depressed, to my family. I was so crushed and demoralized that moving back in with my parents and taking a minimum wage job was my only accomplishment for the first two years. But gradually, over time, I recovered my self-confidence, clawed my way out of poverty, and finally exceeded my military income (by several orders of magnitude), and found peace in myself (and my own place to live). I still study and have deepened my practice with more metaphysical and even Gnostic Christian elements, but I am a Solitary now. Strangely enough, my hometown is a place where Christian Fundamentalism is the dominant religious path. The Pagan population here is so far underground that they barely register. And there are few, if any, places for us to congregate.
But I am not beaten. I have been through the crucible of Fundamentalist intolerance, and they have succeeded in burning away any doubt that I am Pagan, and shall stay that way. I have emerged from the flames stronger, and battle-hardened. I have become adept at turning away barbs, challenges, threats, and insults. My ego is dust, replaced with a Warriors soul. They may have crucified my career, but I have resurrected it- and it is better than ever.
Despite my ill-treatment at their hands, I do not consider Christians- even the extremely conservative evangelical Fundamentalists- to be my enemies. In my studies, I have learned that very few faiths can thread their way through the tiny eye of their religious needle- not even many fellow Christians. It is ignorance, fear, and religious misunderstanding that is their true enemy, not Pagans and other faiths. My mission as a Warrior, is to combat that fear and ignorance, and replace it with understanding and tolerance. Unlike their in-your-face and at-your-door missionary activities, my own mission is a quiet, subtle and very understated undertaking. I simply live my life, be myself, and serve my community.
I call myself an Eclectic TechMage. This is the best and shortest description of a Path that really has no name. I am apparent to those who have Eyes to See, and Ears to Hear. Those who are truly Awake know me, and understand me. I do not wear my religion on my sleeve, and my Pentacle is usually tucked into my clothes. My Ankh, and other jewelry announce who I am to people who see beyond appearances. I look and dress quite ordinarily. No one would know that I am a Pagan, unless they asked. As Ralph Blum once wrote, I strive to live an extraordinary life in an ordinary way.
I stand now on the cusp of a new stage in my life. In three months, I officially enter "middle age", following the bolus of Boomers into early cronedom, the first of my "X"-cusp generation to do so. I am revisiting my past 20 years, and refreshing myself in the basics of my Way. My goal: to create a non-denominational Pagan basics manual for our beginners. I have learned much in my 26 years as a Pagan. Now it is time to give back.
Despite the unhappy end of my military career, I am proud to have been one of the group of people who worked to make Pagans legit in the military. And I was very glad to note that Mr. Barrs efforts to eliminate us were in vain. But we must be vigilant- whether we are military or civilian- because there are people in the world who do not grasp the concept of diversity, and who are willing to roast Pagans in the fires of intolerance. It is our job to keep the fire extinguishers handy, and promote tolerance and understanding among the many faiths on this planet.
ã 2000, 2001 Sunfell
"Sunfell" is a name which literally means "Clothed in the Sun". It is Nordic in origin, but English in spelling.
Since the first version of this essay was published in The Wiccan Pagan Times, I have received many letters of thanks from fellow Pagans for my story and sacrifice. Let me remind readers that I was a part of a group of people who sought these rights. Sadly, I have lost contact with the rest of them. I hope that they are well.
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